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Instructional Strategies

Strategic Instruction refers to the practice of teaching students how to use a variety of tools and processes to learn. It is teaching HOW to learn as well as WHAT to learn.

Research tells us that students who are successful learners have incorporated learning strategies into their behavior. Students with learning challenges may need to be instructed on these strategies more specifically in order to incorporate them but in fact, ALL students benefit from strategic instruction.

Some of the specific strategies that have been shown to be successful are:

  • Increasing multi-modal delivery - means offering instruction to as many senses as possible. This includes using a variety both high and low tech visual, auditory and physical or tactile materials or activities to support learning. An example would be augmenting a traditional classroom lecture with a PowerPoint presentation broken up by group and individual learning activities.
  • Multimodal Lending Bank - to encourage instructors to use multi modal teaching strategies, the UDL project lends several technologies to instructors so they can find the tool that best matches their teaching style and content and meets the needs of their students.
  • Using mnemonics - There are many different strategies involving mnemonics for learning and memorization. Research tells us that the most successful ones are created by the student because the more personalized and meaningful the mnemonic is the more effective it will be.
  • Graphic Organizers - these are any kind of drawing, chart or spatial representative of information that helps a student to learn. Graphic organizers can be as simple as the Cornell 2-column method for taking notes to very specific lesson plan organizers. 

For more information on Strategic Instruction: